The ocean is becoming more acidic as a result of the CO2 and other pollutants generated by human activities. What can and should we do about it?


Kelly, R.P. 2017. Ocean Acidification Policy: Applying the Lessons of Washington to California and Beyond. 7 Washington Journal of Environmental Law and Policy 1-34.

Mossler, M.V., A. Bostrom, R.P. Kelly, K.M. Crosman, and P. Moy. 2017. How Does Framing Affect Policy Support for Emissions Mitigation? Testing the Effect of Ocean Acidification and Other Frames. Global Environmental Change 45: 63-78.

Gattuso, J-P., A. Magnan, R. Billé, W.W.L. Cheung, E.L. Howes, F. Joos, D. Allemand, L. Bopp, S. Cooley, C.M. Eakin, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, R.P. Kelly, H-O. Pörtner, A.D. Rogers, J.M. Baxter, D. Laffoley, D. Osborn, A. Rankovic, J. Rochette, U.R. Sumaila, S. Treyer, C. Turley. 2015. Contrasting Futures for Ocean and Society from Different CO2 Emissions Scenarios. Science 349 (6243): aac4722.

A.L. Strong, K.J. Kroeker, L.T. Teneva, L.A. Mease, and R.P. Kelly.  2014.  Ocean Acidification 2.0: Managing Our Changing Coastal Ocean Chemistry.  BioScience: doi: 10.1093/biosci/biu072.

Kelly, R.P., T. Klinger, and S. Cooley.  2013.  Narratives Can Motivate Environmental Action: The Whiskey Creek Ocean Acidification Story.  AMBIO: 1-8.

Kelly, R.P., and M. Caldwell.  2013.  Ten Ways States Can Fight Ocean Acidification (and Why They Should). 37 Harvard Environmental Law Review 57. (Available at:

R. Billé, J-P. Gattuso, R.P. Kelly, et al.  2013.  Taking Action Against Ocean Acidification: A Review of Management and Policy Options. Environmental Management 52: 761-779.

Caldwell, M. R., Hartge, E. H., Ewing, L. C., Griggs, G., Kelly, R. P., Moser, S. C., Newkirk, S. G., Smyth, R. A., & Woodson, C. B. (2013). Chapter 9: Coastal Issues. In: Garfin, G., Jardine, A., Merideth, R., Black, M., & LeRoy, S. (Eds.), Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States: a Report Prepared for the National Climate Assessment. A report by the Southwest Climate Alliance. Washington, DC: Island Press. (Available at: this link).

Kelly, R.P., and M.R. Caldwell. 2012. The Limits of Water Quality Criteria. The Environmental Forum 29(6): 34-38.  (Available at:

Kelly, R.P. and J. Grote Stoutenburg. 2012. Washington State's Legal and Policy Options for Combating Ocean Acidification in State Waters. Center for Ocean Solutions. (Available at:

Kelly, R.P., and M. Caldwell.  2012.  Why Ocean Acidification Matters to California, and What California Can Do About It. Center for Ocean Solutions.  (Available at:

Kelly, R.P., M.M. Foley, W. Fisher, R. Feely, B.S. Halpern, G.G. Waldbusser, and M.R. Caldwell. 2011.  Mitigating Local Causes of Ocean Acidification with Existing Laws.  Science 332: 1036-1037.  (Available at: