The ocean is becoming more acidic as a result of the CO2 and other pollutants generated by human activities. What can and should we do about it?


Mossler, M.V., A. Bostrom, R.P. Kelly, K.M. Crosman, and P. Moy. 2017. How Does Framing Affect Policy Support for Emissions Mitigation? Testing the Effect of Ocean Acidification and Other Frames. Global Environmental Change 45: 63-78.

Gattuso, J-P., A. Magnan, R. Billé, W.W.L. Cheung, E.L. Howes, F. Joos, D. Allemand, L. Bopp, S. Cooley, C.M. Eakin, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, R.P. Kelly, H-O. Pörtner, A.D. Rogers, J.M. Baxter, D. Laffoley, D. Osborn, A. Rankovic, J. Rochette, U.R. Sumaila, S. Treyer, C. Turley. 2015. Contrasting Futures for Ocean and Society from Different CO2 Emissions Scenarios. Science 349 (6243): aac4722.

A.L. Strong, K.J. Kroeker, L.T. Teneva, L.A. Mease, and R.P. Kelly.  2014.  Ocean Acidification 2.0: Managing Our Changing Coastal Ocean Chemistry.  BioScience: doi: 10.1093/biosci/biu072.

Kelly, R.P., T. Klinger, and S. Cooley.  2013.  Narratives Can Motivate Environmental Action: The Whiskey Creek Ocean Acidification Story.  AMBIO: 1-8.

Kelly, R.P., and M. Caldwell.  2013.  Ten Ways States Can Fight Ocean Acidification (and Why They Should). 37 Harvard Environmental Law Review 57. (Available at:

R. Billé, J-P. Gattuso, R.P. Kelly, et al.  2013.  Taking Action Against Ocean Acidification: A Review of Management and Policy Options. Environmental Management 52: 761-779.

Caldwell, M. R., Hartge, E. H., Ewing, L. C., Griggs, G., Kelly, R. P., Moser, S. C., Newkirk, S. G., Smyth, R. A., & Woodson, C. B. (2013). Chapter 9: Coastal Issues. In: Garfin, G., Jardine, A., Merideth, R., Black, M., & LeRoy, S. (Eds.), Assessment of Climate Change in the Southwest United States: a Report Prepared for the National Climate Assessment. A report by the Southwest Climate Alliance. Washington, DC: Island Press. (Available at: this link).

Kelly, R.P., and M.R. Caldwell. 2012. The Limits of Water Quality Criteria. The Environmental Forum 29(6): 34-38.  (Available at:

Kelly, R.P. and J. Grote Stoutenburg. 2012. Washington State's Legal and Policy Options for Combating Ocean Acidification in State Waters. Center for Ocean Solutions. (Available at:

Kelly, R.P., and M. Caldwell.  2012.  Why Ocean Acidification Matters to California, and What California Can Do About It. Center for Ocean Solutions.  (Available at:

Kelly, R.P., M.M. Foley, W. Fisher, R. Feely, B.S. Halpern, G.G. Waldbusser, and M.R. Caldwell. 2011.  Mitigating Local Causes of Ocean Acidification with Existing Laws.  Science 332: 1036-1037.  (Available at: